Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Protecting Civil Rights: Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in all programs or activities receiving federal funding. Title VI does not include income level as a protected classification. Title VI allows persons to file administrative complaints with federal departments and agencies alleging discrimination based on race, color, or national origin by recipients of federal funds. Recipient means, for the purposes of this regulation, any state or its political subdivision, any instrumentality of a state or its political subdivision, any public or private agency, institution, organization, or other entity, or any person to which Federal financial assistance is extended directly or through another recipient, including any successor, assignee, or transferee of a recipient, but excluding the ultimate beneficiary of the assistance.
Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance
Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. The principal objective of Title IX is to avoid the use of federal money to support sex discrimination in education programs and to provide individual citizens effective protection against those practices. Title IX applies, with a few specific exceptions, to all aspects of federally funded education programs or activities. In addition to traditional educational institutions such as colleges, universities, and elementary and secondary schools, Title IX also applies to any education or training program operated by a recipient of federal financial assistance.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States, as defined in section 7(20) shall, solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance or under any program or activity conducted by any Executive agency or by the United States Postal Service.
Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act was the first disability civil rights law to be enacted in the United States. It prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in programs that receive federal financial assistance and sets the stage for enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Section 504 works together with the ADA and IDEA to protect children and adults with disabilities from exclusion, and unequal treatment in schools, jobs and the community.
Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Subtitle A protects qualified individuals with disabilities from discrimination on the basis of disability in services, programs, or activities, including employment, that are provided or made available by public entities. Subtitle A essentially extends the disability-related requirements imposed on Federally-assisted programs by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended to all activities of State and local governments and other specified public entities (regardless of their size), including those that do not receive Federal financial assistance. Public entities that are not subject to Title I, (i.e., those with fewer than 15 employees) must follow the employment-related regulations implementing Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act that have been issued by the appropriate Federal agency.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a comprehensive Federal nondiscrimination law designed to remove barriers that prevent people with disabilities from accessing and having the same opportunities available to people without disabilities. The law applies specifically to employment, state and local government services, telecommunications, and businesses that are public accommodations or commercial facilities. Title II of the ADA covers programs, activities, and services of public entities
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